4Q Margin Compression

rude and crude

Rude and crude analysis warning.  I was looking at 4Q and was thinking that net income looked fairly light relative to revenue so I did a little digging and confirmed my suspicion.

The top analysis attempts to isolate the water business to determine profitability.  We start with net income and add taxes back in to get an EBT.  EBT is then reduced by TPL’s legacy “low expense” businesses (Royalty, Sundry, and Sales) to get towards earnings from the water business.  This new adjusted EBT number is further adjusted by adding back an estimate for the expenses (2x 2016 full year expenses) of the “low expense” businesses.  The result is something that might approximate income generated by the Water business.  Water’s reported top line can be compared to the water income estimate to get a picture of what Water’s expenses and margin look like.

The conclusion is that Water’s expenses were up significantly in 4Q which drove the estimated margin down to ~21%.  Lots of assumptions and brute force in here.  Everything highlighted in green is a custom creation.

The bottom analysis gets to ongoing margins more directly.  Here we compile the revenues from Royalty, Sundry, and Water and compare them to a “non-sale” income number that is generated by adding taxes and proceeds from asset sales back into net income.  Adjusted income / adjusted sales = margin of repeating buiness.  This analysis too points to materially lower margins in 4Q.

Where’s that margin going?

Update:  Quick update 15 minutes after posting.  Please take some time to look at the column all the way to the right.  Margin compression or not, $TPL is on fire.  Oh, and thank you Mr. Taxman.

 

XOM’s Permian Infrastructure Build-out Continues

Exxon Bounces Back as Crude-Oil Production, Refining Surge

Exxon was a latecomer to shale production in the booming Permian Basin, but the company has invested heavily in recent years, including the $6.6 billion purchase of acreage from the Bass family in 2017, and plans announced this week to expand a Texas refinery to use more of the light oil produced nearby.

ExxonMobil to Proceed with New Crude Unit as Part of Beaumont Refinery Expansion

“With access to terminals, railways, pipelines and waterways nearby, the Beaumont refinery is strategically positioned to benefit from Permian production growth,” said Bryan Milton, president of ExxonMobil Fuels and Lubricants Company. “The addition of a third crude unit in Beaumont will enhance the refinery’s competitive position and truly establish it as a leader in the U.S. refining industry.”

4Q Earnings

Press Release

$8.06 per Sub-share Certificate!

A not often used tool in toolkit below.

Revenue from the sale of oil and gas royalty interests was $18.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2018. The Trust sold nonparticipating perpetual royalty interests in approximately 812 net royalty acres for an average price of approximately $23,234 per net royalty acre.

Back royalty sales out of earnings and you get to $43.8MM which is light to $50.8MM last quarter which (I guess) shouldn’t be surprising given a dip in realized oil prices.  Royalties were still up on the quarter nevertheless as barrels produced continued to rise the Permian.  Sundry top line was flat.  Water top line down was down 9.3% vs Q3 to $16.5MM.

I’m inclined not to panic about the dip in water revenues as the business is still in its infancy.  That said, my expectation was for modest growth given continued increases in Permian region oil production throughout the quarter.  More to come on that topic.

 


Texas Pacific Land Trust Announces Fourth Quarter 2018 Financial Results

DALLAS, TX (January 31, 2019) – Texas Pacific Land Trust (NYSE: TPL) today announced financial results for the fourth quarter ended December 31, 2018.

Results for the fourth quarter of 2018:

  • Net income of $62.7 million, or $8.06 per Sub-share Certificate, for the fourth quarter of 2018, compared with $24.6 million, or $3.14 per Sub-share Certificate, for the fourthquarter of 2017.

 

  • Revenues of $93.2 million for the fourth quarter of 2018, compared with $40.0 million for the fourth quarter of 2017.

 

  • Increases of 177.0% in water sales and royalty revenue, 135.8% in oil and gas royalty revenue and 17.0% in easements and sundry income for the fourth quarter of 2018, compared with the fourth quarter of 2017.

Results for the year ended December 31, 2018:

  • Net income of $209.7 million, or $26.93 per Sub-share Certificate, for the year ended December 31, 2018, compared with $97.2 million, or $12.38 per Sub-share Certificate, for the year ended December 31, 2017.
  • Revenues of $300.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2018, compared with $154.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2017.
  • Increases of 150.3% in water sales and royalty revenue, 112.0% in oil and gas royalty revenue (144.2% excluding the arbitration settlement with Chevron U.S.A., Inc. (the “Chevron Settlement”) in September 2017) and 26.8% in easements and sundry income for the year ended December 31, 2018, compared with the year ended December 31, 2017.

Further details for the fourth quarter of 2018:

Oil and gas royalty revenue was $35.8 million for the fourth quarter of 2018, compared with $15.2 million for the fourth quarter of 2017, an increase of 135.8%. Crude oil and gas production subject to the Trust’s royalty interests increased 98.5% and 225.0%, respectively, in the fourth quarter of 2018 compared to the fourth quarter of 2017. In addition, the prices received for crude oil production increased 15.4% in the fourth quarter of 2018 compared to the same quarter of 2017 while prices received for gas production decreased 21.2% over the same time period.

Easements and sundry income was $21.9 million for the fourth quarter of 2018, an increase of 17.0% compared with the fourth quarter of 2017 when easements and sundry income was $18.7 million. This increase resulted primarily from an increase in pipeline easement income and lease rental income, partially offset by a decrease in permit income and material sales for the fourth quarter of 2018 compared to the fourth quarter of 2017. Pipeline easement income increased $4.3 million in the fourth quarter of 2018 compared to the same quarter of 2017.

Water sales and royalty revenue was $16.5 million for the fourth quarter of 2018, an increase of 177.0% compared with the fourth quarter of 2017 when water sales and royalty revenue was $6.0 million.

Revenue from the sale of oil and gas royalty interests was $18.9 million for the fourth quarter of 2018. The Trust sold nonparticipating perpetual royalty interests in approximately 812 net royalty acres for an average price of approximately $23,234 per net royalty acre.

Further details for the year ended December 31, 2018:

Oil and gas royalty revenue was $123.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2018, compared with $58.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2017, an increase of 112.0% (144.2% excluding the $7.7 million Chevron Settlement received in September 2017). Crude oil and gas production subject to the Trust’s royalty interests increased 110.0% and 178.5%, respectively, in the year ended December 31, 2018 compared to the year ended December 31, 2017. In addition, the prices received for crude oil production increased 21.6% in the year ended December 31, 2018 compared to the year ended December 31, 2017, while prices received for gas production decreased 24.2% over the same time period. The changes in production and price for the year ended December 31, 2018 compared to the year ended December 31, 2017 exclude the effect of the Chevron Settlement.

Easements and sundry income was $88.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2018, an increase of 26.8% compared with the year ended December 31, 2017 when easements and sundry income was $70.0 million. This increase resulted primarily from increases in pipeline easement income, lease rental income and permit income for the year ended December 31, 2018 compared to the same period of 2017. Pipeline easement income increased $8.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2018 compared to the same period of 2017.

Water sales and royalty revenue was $63.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2018, an increase of 150.3% compared with the year ended December 31, 2017 when water sales and royalty revenue was $25.5 million.

Revenue from the sale of oil and gas royalty interests was $18.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2018. The Trust sold nonparticipating perpetual royalty interests in approximately 812 net royalty acres for an average price of approximately $23,234 per net royalty acre.

Land sales revenue was $4.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2018. The Trust sold approximately 171 acres of land for an average price of approximately $25,464 per acre. Land sales revenue was $0.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2017.

Texas Pacific Land Trust Announces Fourth Quarter 2018 Financial Results

“Water Is The New Oil”

Bloomberg: Water Is Almost as Precious as Oil in the Permian Basin

Demand for water to use in fracking in the Permian has more than doubled from 2016 levels, according to industry consultant Rystad Energy. Demand should grow to more than 2.5 billion barrels by next year, accounting for nearly half of all U.S. oilfield needs.

“It used to be you’d get a great cow ranch that had good grass for your cattle, and hunting or recreation was an add-value revenue stream and discovery of oil or gas was also this cream on the cake,” Uechtritz said. “Now, it’s wind and water.”

Wayback Machine – Dallas Morning News

The most unusual stock tip I’ve ever gotten

This article from 2012 was linked today in the Yahoo Finance TPL conversation board.  A good one for the archives!

Chief executive Roy Thomas, who offices in downtown Dallas on Pacific Avenue, said the trust still holds about 1 million acres in 20 counties in West Texas. He explained that in the early years after the trust was established, the land was difficult to sell because of its location in the middle of nowhere.

Then the West Texas oil boom hit the Permian Basin in the early 1900s, and this land became more valuable because of the oil and gas royalties. So the trustees back then and now have been in no hurry to sell it.

Even today, he said, the company sells only a few thousand acres every year but makes a bundle in oil and gas royalties. Texas Pacific booked $34 million in revenue last year, and about $14 million came from royalties. That is a 50 percent increase in revenue from the previous year.

“Buying back shares and retiring them is really the main thing we do with our cash flow,” Thomas said. “We only retire shares. The trust is prohibited from reissuing shares or giving me shares because someone thinks I’m doing a good job.”